India, Asia (excluding China, Japan and India), and China account for
three of the top four non-U.S. labor markets being sourced, as may be
expected due to their prodigious technical talent markets and
relatively - in comparison to U.S. - low cost
wage-earners. But it's the fourth source country, Canada,
that's prominence on this list is not as easily explainable.
Although it is a geographic neighbor to the U.S., the same is also true
for Mexico, which is 25th on this list. So proximity alone
doesn't clarify Canada's prominence as a technical
talent recruiting hotspot. Nor is Canada blessed by an extremely large
technical talent labor pool, although that sector is growing and the
recent exodus of talent from RIM will help to swell the ranks.
What Canada does have is a visa agreement with the U.S. under the North
American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that allows for a theoretically
unlimited number of Canadian workers to obtain a visa to work for
American companies. This agreement also covers Mexican citizens. Under
NAFTA - and unlike the H1-B visa that has to be acquired by
workers from non-NAFTA countries - the TN-1 is not capped,
which makes it much easier to employ Canadian citizens. Also unlike the
H1-B, the TN-1 is limited to certain professions, but those professions
cover nearly all technical jobs.
Even if employees are hired to work in their home country, a growing
number of companies know it's important to be able to move
technically skilled workers and managers to the region where they are
most needed- another finding from the full report. So having
a less-restrictive immigration status can often offset the higher wage
price in the long run.
The reasoning behind any given set of responses is purely conjecture,
and each organization has a unique set of motives that drive decision
making, so no true conclusions can be drawn from this data. However,
Canada's placement above China on this list is certainly
noteworthy, and a phenomenon that's worth keeping in mind
when sourcing technical talent that will potentially bring less red
tape and limitations along the way.